Growing Tomatoes Let’s face it; there is nothing better than offering your guests a garden salad with home-grown tomatoes. Even if you have limited garden space or live in an apartment, planting tomatoes in a container or bucket is extremely easy. A container can offer your tomato plant the same environment required for planting inground. Keeping in mind the differences between planting in a container and planting inground, as well as a few tweaks and tricks, you can harvest tomatoes regardless of the size of your garden. Before we go into more details about watering, diseases and fertilizing, you, first and foremost, need to plant the tomato seedlings. Remove the bottom leaves and plant your tomato seedlings as deep as possible. Tomatoes are one of the few plants to which this advice applies because of the fine silver “hairs” growing from the plant’s main stem. Those buried beneath the soil will develop into roots, providing a more extensive rooting system that ensures a stronger and healthier plant. Plant smaller seedlings into trenches and fill them with the ground as the plant grows. The bucket list for planting into a container: The space is limited for the roots to grow in containers, so use at least a 20-litre bucket. If you use a plastic bucket, make sure that you use one safe for planting and, if possible, use a recycled bucket. Do not use terracotta pots for planting tomatoes; it is very porous and dries out way too quickly for tomatoes. Make sure that there are enough drainage holes at the bottom. Add Aquafix to your gardening product must-haves to ensure consistent moisture levels. When planting your tomatoes, mix the recommended amount of Aquafix into the well-draining ground or potting soil. Aquafix can store water and nutrients up to 300 times its weight between waterings, ensuring that it is readily available for uptake by the plant’s root zone – saving you a lot of water! Remember that containers and pots dry out quicker, especially when placed in full sun, which makes the addition of Aquafix even more essential for moisture control and preventing nutrients from leaching out at the bottom of the container. 6-8 hours of sun is ideal, but on scorching days, you might want to consider covering them with a shade cloth. The addition of mulch around your plants will also help to keep moisture in. Tomatoes need two essential nutrients, calcium and magnesium. If you are planting in a pot, you need to supplement these nutrients naturally available in die ground, especially if you want to avoid blossom-end rot caused by a lack of calcium in the plant. Luckily the solution is easy. A handful of dried, crushed eggshells mixed into the potting soil is an excellent source of calcium for your plants. Side note: If you planted inground and your tomatoes get blossom-end rot, it is probably due to poor watering. The magnesium requirement is for good fruiting. Add 1 tbsp of Magnesium Sulfate under the root zone when planting your tomatoes. Support your tomato plants, especially if your space is limited, so your plant can grow upwards. You can use store-bought tomato cages, build your own with fence mesh, use a stick or pole, or use the rope technique, but for that, you will need a structure to tie the ropes. When tieing the main stem to a stick or pole, it is vital to remember to allow enough room for growth. Staking the tomatoes plants will also help avoid getting the leaves wet while watering. Tomatoes like constant, evenly moist soil, but tomato leaves are fragile when it comes to pests and diseases, and water that sits on the leaves creates a breeding ground for diseases. Ensuring constant (somewhat scheduled) watering will avoid your tomato plant experiencing desert dry to flooded soil conditions. The fruit will crack if poor watering occurs because a tomato fruit pulls water in from the rest of the plant to expand and grow. A period without water availability will cause dehydration, and the fruit will suck in as much water as possible with the next watering. More than its skin can take. The stretching will cause the skin to crack; it doesn’t make the fruit uneatable, but it is safer to remove the cracked parts because they might harbour mould. Often, you might end up with huge plants with lots of leaves and not many tomatoes. Pruning your tomato plant is another crucial step. Areas with a wet summer climate will significantly benefit by pruning. Too many leaves allow for less airflow and more chance for diseases to manifest. Save the plant’s energy for fruit production and not leaves, so pitch off the side shoots carrying leaves called armpits. The fruits grow from flowers and grow on their own stem directly off the main stem, so don’t worry about taking off flowers with pinching off the armpits. You will see the difference. Give your plant the best possible start by pinching off the first bunch of flowers to save the plant’s energy for root production. Leave the following flowers to produce fruit; a stronger root system supports the plant by then. Of course, you will need to fertilize for your plant to stay healthy with solid root development to produce delicious fruits. Bioroot contains essential plant growth regulators along with a combination of trace elements. The concentrated solution of micro-nutrients and seaweed extract stimulates root growth and development when applied to the root zone by fertigation or foliar application. When using Bioroot as a seed dressing, the seedling will emerge with strong early growth. For faster and overall healthier growth, you should get a hold of Grobest, our liquid fish fertilizer. With the highest nutrient and the lowest carbon footprint, you can easily apply Grobest as a soil drench or a foliar spray. Because Grobest feeds both the plants and microbiome, your tomato plants will have giant, luscious, dark green leaves, produce more blossoms and thus bear more fruit for you to harvest. Unfortunately, despite all our best efforts, the complete prevention of some common pests and diseases are inevitable. But you would first need to know how to identify the problem to find the best solution. To do that, you can use the following steps: Identify the affected part of the plant: The tomato fruit itself, the leaves, stems, flowers, or roots? Note differences: Compare your tomato plant to a healthy plant. How does yours differ? If your plant’s leaves have brown or black patches, holes, chewed edges or fuzzy mould growing on them, you should know something is wrong compared to a healthy tomato plant that has softly fuzzed, medium-green leaves. Look for insects: Do you see any insects on your plants? Look thoroughly; some blend in and are pretty hard to find. For your convenience, we have compiled a list of common pests, diseases and treatment options for tomato plants: Early Blight (Can be treated with Odeon / Copstar / Orius) Bacterial spot (Can be treated with Copstar) Bacterial speck (Can be treated with Copstar) Botrytis rot (Can be treated with Odeon) Late Blight (Can be treated with Odeon) Leaf Roll (Can be treated with Copstar) Powdery Mildew (Can be treated with Sulfostar) American/African bollworm (Can be treated with Plant Care / Organicide Plus / Servus) Aphids (Can be treated with Organicide Plus) Astylus beetle (Can be treated with Organicide Plus) Whiteflies (Can be treated with Organicide Plus / Plant Care) Red Spider Mite (Can be treated with Plant Care / Seizer 100) Semi-looper (Can be treated with Seizer 100) Leafminer (Tuber moth larvae) (Can be treated with Seizer 100) American leafminer (Can be treated with Seizer100) Rust Mite (Can be treated with Sulfostar) Visit our product page for more information
Saving water this summer The planting season is in full swing, and our garden plants love the spring and summer temperatures, given you provide them with enough water. Somedays, we are lucky, and Mother Nature does the watering for us; other days, it is up to us to water our beloved plants. Whether you water by hand or have an automated watering system in place, you would've realized by now that your plants require a lot of watering during these hot periods—especially the ones planted in full sun. While watering, you might have noticed water accumulating on the surface before very slowly seeping into the ground. Of course, this all depends on the area, soil type, and soil quality; nevertheless, experiencing poor water penetration means that water is struggling to reach the deeper roots. Luckily, Makhro Home and Garden always has a solution when it comes to your garden! In this case, we offer a highly effective wetting agent called, Waterwise®3D. This unique product not only assists in water penetration and retention but also reduces water runoff and evaporation. BUT THAT'S NOT ALL! Because Waterwise®3D allows the water to penetrate deeper into the soil, it improves the efficiency of fertilizers, plus saving you a lot of water and cost by cutting watering by up to 50%! Wow! If you aren't already on your way to buying this fantastic product, you should know that by using Waterwise®3D, deeper and denser root growth is encouraged so that less frequent watering is required. Waterwise®3D is fully biodegradable and pet and aquatic-friendly. It is not harmful to earthworms, and you can use it around ponds, waterways, and other aquatic environments. Furthermore, if you are planning on adding more plants to your garden, you should take note of another show stopper product that we are offering called, AquaFix®. Perfectly described by its nickname, The Water Reservoir, AquaFix® absorbs water and nutrients up to 300 times its weight acting as a reservoir, slowly releasing the water in the plant root zone as required. This addition to your garden will significantly reduce your watering cycles. When you mix Aquafix with water, it forms a slurry. You can either mix the slurry into the soil before placing the seedlings into the planting pit or pour the slurry into the planting pit and put it into the slurry without integrating it into the ground. AquaFix® can hydrate and re-hydrate many times over its lifetime, providing ongoing benefits to the plants. It is effectively applied to prevent plant loss caused by water stress and drought in the soil where the water holding capacity is low or non-existent. During this silly season, the last thing we want is our plants sitting high and dry. For more information on these recommended products, visit our website www.makhro.co.za, or feel free to call our office on 021-981-4011 for more advice.
100% Natural gardening with Makhro Home and Garden Plant, eat, compost, repeat Turn food scraps into rich humus for your garden. Makhro Compost Activator is 100% natural and biodegradable. Formulated from natural microbes, Makhro Compost Activator will convert garden waste into compost in as little as six weeks. Guano gold Environmentally conscious sourced guano and proudly produced in South Africa. Go Organic, made from 100% natural ingredients, is a cost-effective natural organic fertilizer widely recognized and endorsed by organic growers. Go Organic serves a dual purpose as a foliar spray and soil nutrition with exceptional results. Miracle mineral oil Manufactured thru patented refining technology, making it the safest mineral oil for growers, consumers, and the environment. SK Eco Oil Spray controls various insects and mite pests, and plant diseases. It is also an adjuvant—recommended for organic farming and gardening with no post-harvest restrictions and low impact on natural enemies. Cu later fungus! Copper is a metal that, in dissolved form Cu(OH)2, penetrates plant tissues and helps control fungal diseases. Copstar is a copper fungicide approved for organic gardening and ideal for gardeners who prefer to avoid chemical fungicides. Copstar interacts with the fungus on the leaves, usually kills them, and doesn't allow it to reproduce. Sulfur so good A fungicide and acaricide that acts as a fertilizer positively affects plant growth and leaves and fruits' coloring. Sulfostar is an excellent product certified for organic farming (or gardening). Its low toxicity is not harmful against bees and natural predators such as predatory mites or ladybirds. Still, it provides control of various fungal diseases as well as certain mites and thrips. Adding up on the organic side The repelling component of Organicide Plus flushes the insects out of the hard-to-reach places. Organicide Plus is a broad-spectrum insecticide with no harmful residues. An effective combination of natural insect nerve poison, smothering plant oils, and added insect repellent and flushing agent that repels new infestations of harmful insects. Rule with an iron pellet Finally! An eco-friendly insecticide to control snails and slugs. Apply EcoBait pellets in the evening or late afternoon for best results as snails and slugs are most active during the night or early mornings. 1 kg of EcoBait pellets (Iron (Fe) 9.75 g/kg) will cover 1000 m². Visit our website for more information www.makhro.co.za
Exciting new products Your garden is a special place to learn about life and growth. Dry seed in one's hand might look slightly insignificant, yet inside new life awaits. Covered with warm, loving rich soil and cared for with water, sunshine, and a bit of love, the seed develops to its remarkable potential. And now that Spring is finally here, our team at Makhro Home and Garden is beyond excited to help make your garden beautiful. By now, you have prepared your garden for the season, and your green fingers are itching to start planting! To help you with your spring gardening quest, we have launched some exciting new products. Because certain pests might have developed resistance against your currently overused insecticide, it means that it is time for a change. Mikka is an organophosphate, making it the perfect solution to re-establish complete control of various insects in your ornamentals, roses, and flower gardens. Halo, a product everyone has been anxiously waiting for us to launch. Not only is it a granular weed killer in conveniently pre-measured packaging. Halo's ability to control the pesty Nutsedge and other types of broadleaf weeds are what makes Halo so desirable. Sulfostar is an excellent product certified for organic farming (or gardening). Its low toxicity is not harmful against bees and natural predators such as predatory mites or ladybirds. Still, it provides control of various fungal diseases as well as certain mites and thrips. We all want our living conditions to be as comfortable as possible. The same goes for our plants. That is why we need to provide our plants with pleasant soil conditions. Aquafix, a polymer planting gel, can help us do just that. By absorbing water up to 300 times its weight, it acts as a water reservoir. Along with water, it also absorbs water-soluble nutrients and fertilizers. Slowly releases it to the root zones as demanded by plants, which significantly reduces watering cycles and increases the seedling survival rate. While our gardens thrive with the slowly rising temperatures, unfortunately, there is a downside. We can already imagine franticly waving away the insects buzzing around us, not to mention trying to protect our food from contamination. No need to worry; we've got more new products to ensure an insect-free household. A wettable powder that easily dissolves in water makes Karba 850 an easy insecticide to use in your household. With a measuring spoon conveniently included in the box, it's as easy as a scoop, a quick mix, and you are ready to spray the insects away. Alpha-Thrin is a high-performance concentrate insecticide, making it a perfect solution for long-term control over a broad spectrum of public health pests. It is also odorless, has a low toxicity level and application rate, and causes no stains. Combining active ingredients from two different chemical classes that provide two very different modes of action makes Rossi 200 SUPER a powerhouse of a product. Due to its low odor and excellent residuality capabilities, Rossi is an ideal pest control product to be used in homes, hotels, hostels, restaurant kitchens, and many more. Please feel free to visit our website for more information on the products mentioned above or call our office and ask to speak to a technical advisor for more gardening or product advice. www.makhro.co.za 021-981-4011
Start to prepare your garden for Spring! Spring is just around the corner, and Makhro Home and Garden's team is beyond excited to start the new season's gardening journey with you! While enjoying the last few blanket cuddles and anxiously waiting for the higher spring temperatures, we can start with a few garden preparations to keep our green fingers busy. The best time to get your garden beds ready for the season's potential growth is a couple of weeks before you are planning to start planting. The three recommended essential preparation steps are loosening the soil, adding soil nutrients, and removing stray weeds. By loosening compacted soil, it provides efficient airflow for the growth of young roots. An easy way to provide plenty of air and moisture retention is by simply adding organic matter—which makes this the perfect time to work compost into the soil. If you are making your compost (like we all should be doing by now), you will find that it is very cost-effective and incredibly beneficial to the environment. Adding compost has quite a few advantages. It hangs onto the nutrients, releasing them slowly and preventing them from washing away through the root zone. Just a tiny amount of organic matter worked into the soil has a significant effect on soil retention. Plants will thrive in healthy soil conditions—which means it's time to fertilize. The fertilizer you will use will depend upon the type of plants you are planning to plant. Different plants, as well as different soil conditions, will have different needs. You can consider working in a slow-release granular fertilizer to provide your future plants with long-term nutrient boosts. With what products can Makhro Home and Garden assist you with this garden preparation quest?! We recommend adding Compost Activator to your compost heap to make compost like a pro with a quick turnaround time. We offer some great fertilizers you can use to create the perfect nutritional balance for your garden: 1-For-All Multipurpose Fertilizer, Multi-Booster, Grobest, and Go Organic. Visit our website for more information on the products mentioned above or call our office and ask to speak to a technical advisor for more gardening or product advice. www.makhro.co.za 021-981-4011
Let your flowers grow to their full potential 100% Organic fertilizer In pots or in your garden The guano used is sustainably sourced using environmentally conscious methods and originates from the Namibian Coast. Go Organic Guano is produced locally in South Africa 100 % Natural Ingredients The features and benefits of Go Organic Guano: A natural organic fertilizer widely recognized and endorsed by organic growers. Improves the water- and nutrient retaining capacity. Cost effective – 2 liters of Go Organic Guano dilutes to 80 liters of plant food. Serves a dual purpose as a foliar spray and soil nutrition. Does not burn plants or roots. Used as a foliar spray on all small grains, maize, fruit trees, vegetables, vineyards as well as on flowers. Exceptional results when applied to roses. Secondary factors and why it works Better metabolism of nitrates in plants Stronger cell walls resulting in: Enhancement in flavor Resistance to mould and fungal attack More upright stems and open leaves Enhanced photosynthesis More fertile and viable seed formation Longer shelf life of produce Food that is better to eat Product Analysis Go Organic Guano is collected bird droppings that are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, trace elements and other active ingredients. Go Organic Guano is a rich and concentrated fertilizer that will revitalize your plants. Frequently asked questions Question 1: Does this product have a waiting period before one can harvest crops? A: This product is safe to use with no waiting period. Crops can be harvested shortly after applying the product, just rinse well. Question 2: Will it burn my plants? A: No, it will not burn your plants or plant roots as it contains no added chemicals. Question 3: Can I use this product throughout the year? A: This product is safe to use all year round. Question 4: Is Go Organic Guano truly organic? A: It is organic in the sense that the product is manually harvested directly from the islands in Namibia without the introduction of any synthetic or chemical additives.
Understand the working of SK Eco Oil Spray SK Eco Oil Spray is a food grade, emulsified mineral oil, manufactured thru patented refining technology making it the safest mineral oil for growers, consumers, and the environment. Due to its high paraffin content, it greatly improves insecticidal and fungicidal efficiency as well as its safety to plants. A highly effective multipurpose product, with insecticidal, acaricidal and fungicidal activity, SK Eco Oil Spray controls a variety of insects and mite pests, along with plant diseases. It gives exceptionally good control of powdery mildew on crops susceptible to this disease. It is safe to use on wide range of crops and ornamentals. It controls various developmental stages of spider mites, rust mites, scale insects, whiteflies, and aphids; on numerous fruits, vegetables, field crops and ornamental plants, grown outdoors or in greenhouses. SK Eco Oil Spray’s mode of action is completely different to all other pesticide groups, making it an ideal solution in pesticide resistance management as well as an essential part of any Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program. SK Eco Oil Spray’s unique insecticidal and fungicidal activity is attributed mainly to suffocation or asphyxiation. In the case of insects and mites, the suffocation occurs when the oil moves by capillary action into aeropyles of eggs, and into spiracles and tracheae of immature and adult stages of the target pests. With fungi the oil prevents growth of the mycelia and formation of reproductive bodies (sporulation). SK Eco Oil Spray can also be used as an adjuvant. When mixed with other products is has a synergistic effect due to the following: Increases coverage due to reduced surface tensionIt protects the other products from breakdownIncreases adherence and spreadingIncreases cuticular penetrationIncreases residual activity of other productsPrevents evaporation and driftIncreases retention An excellent cost-effective product, with no post-harvest restrictions and low impact on natural enemies, SK Eco Oil Spray is recommended for organic farming and gardening. 1. SK Eco Oil Spray - Quick-break oil in water emulsion2. Spray droplets hit leaves3. SK Eco Oil Spray remains on leaf surface or moves into leaf4. Healthy leaf after treatment
Copstar, a copper fungicide approved for organic gardening, can be the ideal product for gardeners who prefer to avoid chemical fungicides. Using copper fungicides can be confusing but knowing exactly when and how to use copper fungicide is the key to success. First you need to know what a copper fungicide is and how it works: Copper is a metal that, in dissolved form, penetrates plant tissues and helps control fungal diseases. If you spray the leaves, it interacts with the fungus on the leaves, usually kills it and doesn’t allow it to reproduce. It controls and prevents fungal diseases such as: ScabFruit spotBlightBlack spotRustDowny mildewLeaf curlBacterial spot The product works by protecting plants against development of new infections. Ideally, apply Copstar before fungus is visible. Otherwise, apply the product immediately when you first notice signs of fungal disease. Few things to know before starting with your application: There are three big mistakes you can make when trying to manage fungal diseases in your garden is: First, starting to late. Usually people start spraying when you see a problem and it can be effective to get it under control if you start dealing with the fungus when the problem appears. But you really want to start 2 – 3 weeks before the fungus arrives in your garden. If it arrives one year, most liking it’s going to keep arriving year after year. Take note of when to start spraying preventively for the next year. Secondly not to continue with a spraying routine. Your routine can be every 7, 10 or 14 days, but you want to pick a routine and stick to it. Mark it on a calendar or put it in your smart phone and keep the sprays going regularly. The third, very critical thing is to spray during the right time of the day and not to apply Copstar on very hot days. Spray early mornings or in the evenings. If it’s too hot the leaves will be damaged. How to apply Copstar: Note: Remember to mark your sprayers with a sticker or a permanent marker: insecticides / fungicides sprayer and herbicides sprayer. Fill up the cleaned sprayer with half of the water needed for the mixture.Shake the product before measuring out the recommend dosage of product and pour into the sprayer.Fill up the sprayer with the rest of the water.Close sprayer and shake to mix.Solution is now ready to be sprayed. The key to controlling fungal diseases is to get good coverage. Very important to spray the underside of the leaves first, especially when spraying for blight. Spray just before the point of run-off, because if it runs off, you’re contaminating the soil and the fungicide doesn’t do any good on the ground. If you get rain on plants, you will need to re-apply. A few pointers to keep in mind: Very important to follow the label on mixing and to observe the restrictions on harvest.Remember that the ratio that you mixed for one type of plant, is not necessary the correct ratio for the next. Once you have test spayed what ratio of mixture works the best for your garden, we advise to write the mixture on the bottle with a permanent marker for future use.Never mix copper fungicides with other chemicals and don’t over-apply fungicides.In case it’s time to prune your fruit trees, only spray after pruning. You don’t want to spray anything you are going to cut off. We hope that you now have a better understanding of how and when to use copper fungicides. Copstar, a copper fungicide distributed by Makhro Home and Garden is available nationwide. Visit our website www.makhro.co.za to view more product information or view our retailers. Please feel free contact us should you require any further assistance.
THE BUG WARS We can be proactive in fighting certain pests that occur year after year in the garden. Makhro Home and Garden (Pty) Ltd would like to introduce you to one of the stars in our product range: KOINOR 350 SC KOINOR is more than just an insecticide as it not only controls the insect pest that it is targeted against, but also provides lengthy protection by controlling the insect vectors of various plant that plants are susceptible to and which can completely halt their development and devastate the crop. Due to the versatility of KOINOR and the numerous application methods via which the active ingredient - imidacloprid can be applied, the harm that it can cause to the beneficial insect and mite population can be minimized or eliminated significantly. KOINOR is a systemic insecticide, controlling Aphids and other sucking insects on Roses, Conifers and Citrus. Koinor can also be used as a nest treatment for Ants and Mole crickets on lawns. Quick and Easy application Koinor is applied to the soil around the plant using a watering can or jug; the plants take the Koinor up through the roots and transport it through the plant sap to the leaves. The Koinor is present in the plant sap and protects the plant from insects that suck the plant sap such as Aphids. Timing is important Koinor must be applied early spring when the plant is growing actively. The plants are protected from the start, focus on species that are attacked every year like: Roses Conifers Citrus Mandevillea Fuchsia Durantha Wild Olives Cycads Aloes Indoor pot plants Koinor offers protection for six months at a time and needs to be repeated Early Summer Koinor will give protection to Citrus varieties against: Aphids, Red Scale, Psylla and Leafminer. The important thing to remember is to apply the Koinor in August, if you apply it later you will not be able to use the fruit that have formed on the tree, they will have to be picked and discarded, and the first fruit set thereafter would be safe for harvesting. Koinor has more applications: Little black ants make nests in paving and driveways, mix Koinor in a watering can and apply a half a liter per nest entrance. Handy Tip: If the ants are coming into the house apply the Koinor around the house close to the wall, treat visible nests. The ants avoid the barrier of Koinor and do not go in the house; protection can last up to six months. Mole Crickets are a problem that may come back year after year. Many insecticides don’t work because they do not reach the insects that burrow deep into the soil. Preventative treatment can be achieved by applying the Koinor to the lawn in November and watering well. The nymphs hatch in November and it is easier to control them when they are young. Always when buying Garden Care products Read the label before buying the product to make sure it is the correct product for the job you have in mind. Follow the instructions carefully. Never mix more than you need and never dispose of leftover chemicals by throwing them down the drain. Koinor is a clever choice for busy gardeners who want to protect their plants and have more time for other things in life. Written by: Ute Jacobs and Wilmar Burger
New Plant Nutrition Range from Makhro Home and Garden Biosoil A Concentrate solution of Humic and Fulvic acids that can be applied as a source of carbon and biological supplement for improved soil quality. Biosoil is very carbon-rich substrate extracted from composed plant fibre. Its also a combination of both humic and fulvic acids and a source of potassium. Biosoil is a very versatile product, i.e. adjuvant in foliar nutrient sprays. Organic supplement in fertiliser material. Biosoil is also a food source for soil microbes and fulvic acid contributes to water holding capacity of soil. Fulvic acids also constitutes additional cation exchange capacity in soil. Regular addition to irrigation water in sandy soils proves beneficial for crop growth and improves uptake of nutrients in soil. Fosfifol CaA Concentrate solution of Calcium Phosphate can be applied by fertigation or foliar spray.Critical component in formation and integrity of cell membranes and walls. Big factor in root growth and in pollen tube growth. BiorootConcentrated solution of micro-nutrients and seaweed extract formulated to stimulate root, vegetative and reproductive growth and development in crops. This product contains Auxin and Cytokinin, essential plant growth regulators and a combination of trace elements which are utilised in the chemical and metabolic reactions in the plant. Versatile use, as seed dressing, to root zone by fertigation or foliar application. Auxins stimulate cell division in meristem zones of roots and shoots and leaves where Cytokinin’s stimulate initiation of reproductive organ cells (e.g. flower buds) When used as a seed dressing, seedling emergence and strong early growth is obtained. Boron translocation of sugars, essential at flowering stage, germination of pollen (prevents oxidation of auxins), synthesis of pyrimidine and flavonoids. Iron is essential in photosynthesis and respiration processes, component in enzymes which breakdown toxic substances from oxidative stress, and reduction process of Nitrogen metabolism. Manganese activates enzymes involved in metabolite synthesis and electron transfer reactions. Molybdenum Nitrate reduction during metabolic processes Zinc Synthesis of amino acid and auxin involved in activity of enzymes. Seedling recovery after induced stress or shock has been achieved. VitaminoConcentrated solution of amino acids, trace elements and biostimulants to promote vegetative and reproductive crop growth and development and assist plant recovery after induced stress events. Significant content of essential L-Amino Acids. L-Amino Acids have metabolic activity in plant tissue. Trace elements complexed by amino and fulvic acids. Vitamino is a soft product when used as an addition to foliar sprays on tender and new growth of leaves and flowers in crops. Foliar applied Amino Acids at critical stages of plant development provide additional metabolic activity during cell division and growth stages. Amino acids assist in plant recovery from environmental or induced stress events, e.g. heat shock, salinity. Auxins stimulate cell vision in meristem zones of roots and shoots and leaves. Cytokinins stimulate initiation of reproductive organ cells (e.g. flower buds)